Ships float in a body of water, so it is natural for some of the sea water to enter the ship’s premises. Water is used in different ways: in the engine room, shower, kitchen, etc., so wastewater is produced in large quantities, especially on passenger and cruise ships with hundreds of people on board.
One of the wastes produced by ships is called bilge water, which is a combination of different substances such as seawater, fresh water, oil, silt and chemicals. Since the law does not permit its discharge into the sea, a waste collection tank, called a bilge pit, located at the bottom of the vessel where the two sides of the vessel meet, is a temporary reservoir for bilge water until it is discharged to the shore for proper disposal. in accordance with applicable law.
How is bilge water formed? Where did your component come from? A significant amount of seawater enters the bilge opening due to splashing, especially during storms when large waves torment the vessel. The seawater, by gravity, settles on the bottom of the boat and accumulates. Leaking chest valves also allow seawater to flow into the hold and eventually into the bilge well.
Another source of bilge water is water leaks from a network of pipes that carry water to various spaces on the ship. Pipes constantly exposed to seawater rust easily, causing pipe erosion. However, with the advancement of technology, conventional metal pipes have been replaced by stainless and all-weather materials.
A mixture of condensation products from the boiler room and engine room, such as water, oil spills, sludge, also accumulates and seeps into the hold. The law strictly prohibits the dumping of such waste, especially oil. This entails a corresponding violation and punishment or cancellation of the boat’s license to navigate any body of water and, even worse, legal action by the boat’s crew.
Ship’s bilge wells are vital to the operation of the ship as their maintenance and disposal are permitted by government laws. However, if the hold pits become full and overfilled, this can imbalance the balance and stability of the boat. Therefore, it is important that the wells are emptied on schedule. However, at a time when the contents of the wells pose a threat to the safety of the ship and passengers, a significant amount of bilge water must be dumped into the ocean. For this reason, federal law requires ships to be equipped with an oil separator that filters out suspended oil particles to minimize the release of oil particles directly into the ocean.
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